Aeroplane, or aircraft, heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
The airplane has six main parts fuselage, wings, stabilizer (or tail plane), rudder, one or more engines, and landing gear. The fuselage is the main body of the machine, customarily streamlined in form. It usually contains control equipment, and space for passengers and cargo. The wings are the main supporting surfaces. Modern airplanes are monoplanes (airplanes with one wing) and may be high-wing, mid-wing, or low-wing (relative to the bottom of the fuselage). At the trailing edge of the wings are auxiliary hinged surfaces known as ailerons that are used to
gain lateral control and to turn the airplane.
Aero plane is one of the newest and fastest means of transport. Only spacecraft travel faster than aero planes. A modern jet transport plane, or airliner, can carry a heavy load of passengers and cargo across Europe in less than 5 hours. It can fly halfway around the world--from London to Sydney in less than 24 hours. Passengers can ride in comfort from 9,000 to 13,000 meters above the ground. On many long flights, they can watch a film or listen to music. The largest jets can hold nearly 500 passengers. Rocket planes, the world's fastest aero planes, have been flown at speeds faster than 7,240 kilometers per hour.