Apple is the usually round, red or yellow, edible fruit of a small tree. The tree originated in Western Asia, where its wild ancestor, the Alma, is still found today. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. The apple tree was perhaps the earliest tree to be cultivated, and its fruits have been improved through selection over thousands of years.
Major Producers of Apples are China, United States, Iran, Turkey, Russia, Italy, India, France, Chile and Argentina. 2,500 varieties of apples are grown in the United States. Apples are grown commercially in 36 states. Apples are a great source of the fiber pectin. One apple has five grams of fiber. According to an estimate 55 million tones of apples are grown worldwide, with a value of about $10 billion. About two- fifths of this total is produced in China.
Apple is a rich source of flavonoid and polyphenols both are powerful antioxidant. It contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins that can strengthen the blood. It contains malic acid and tartaric acid that can help prevent disturbances of the liver and digestion. Apples have been recommended for : Obesity, Headache, Arthritis, Bronchial asthma, Inflammation of the bladder, Gonorrhea, Anemia, Tuberculosis, Neuritis, Insomnia, Catarrh, Gallbladder stones, Worms, Halithosis, Pyorrhea.